Essential Facts About Voting in the Netherlands Every Expat Should Know

Essential Facts About Voting in the Netherlands Every Expat Should Know

Voting as an expat in the Netherlands involves understanding the specific conditions and procedures that enable participation in both local and international elections. The opportunity to vote is a fundamental aspect of engaging with your host country’s democratic process, and in the Netherlands, this process is facilitated to include the international community wherever possible. If you’re interested in understanding the workings of the Dutch government, visit our page where we detail the various bodies within the Dutch government system. Below you will find a guide on how expats can exercise their voting rights in the Netherlands:

Voting in Local Elections

Expats residing in the Netherlands have the right to vote in local municipal elections, provided they meet certain criteria:

  • Residency: You must be a resident of the municipality where you wish to vote.
  • EU Citizens: If you are a citizen of an EU country, you are eligible to vote in municipal elections as well as in European Parliament elections directly from the Netherlands.
  • Non-EU Citizens: If you are from a non-EU country, you can vote in municipal elections if you have legally resided in the Netherlands for an uninterrupted period of at least five years.
  • Registration: Ensure you are registered in the Personal Records Database (BRP) of your municipality. This registration is crucial as it is the basis for receiving your voting pass (stempas), which allows you to vote.

Voting in Home Country Elections

For national elections in your home country, the process can vary significantly depending on the country’s voting rules for citizens residing abroad. Here are general steps you can follow:

  • Check Eligibility: Confirm with your home country’s electoral authority whether you are eligible to vote while living abroad.
  • Register as an Overseas Voter: Many countries require you to register as an overseas or absentee voter. This process might involve updating your details with an embassy or consulate, or through an online platform designated by your country’s electoral commission.
  • Understand the Voting Process: Voting from abroad can be done through postal voting, in-person voting at an embassy or consulate, or via proxy voting where you authorize someone in your home country to vote on your behalf. The available options will depend on your home country’s regulations.
  • Stay Informed on Deadlines: There are often specific deadlines for registering as an overseas voter and for submitting your vote. Missing these deadlines could disqualify you from participating in the election.

Participating in European Parliament Elections

  • EU Citizens: If you are an EU citizen living in the Netherlands, you can choose to vote for Dutch candidates in the European Parliament elections or for candidates from your home country. However, you cannot vote in both.
  • Registration: To vote in the Netherlands for the European Parliament, you must register with your local municipality, indicating your intention to vote in the Netherlands instead of your home country.


Practical Tips for Expats Voting Abroad

  • Stay Updated: Electoral laws and processes can change, so it’s important to regularly check the official websites of your home country’s electoral authority or the local embassy/consulate for the latest information.
  • Check Identification Requirements: Ensure you know what identification is required to vote, both for local elections in the Netherlands and for your home country elections. This might include a passport, national ID card, or a voter registration card.
  • Engage with Your Community: Often, expat communities and associations can provide valuable assistance and information about voting in both local and home country elections. They can offer insights into the registration process, deadlines, and even organize events around major elections.

Understanding and participating in the voting process as an expat not only enables you to have a say in the governance of your local community and home country but also enriches the democratic fabric of society by including diverse perspectives. By following these guidelines, expats can ensure their voices are heard, contributing to the democratic processes both at home and abroad.

The requirements for voting, whether as an expat in the Netherlands or in your home country elections while living abroad, hinge on several key criteria and documents. These essentials ensure your participation in the democratic process is valid, secure, and reflective of your civic rights. Below is a breakdown of where and when you can vote:

Voting in the Netherlands

Where to Vote:
  • Polling Stations: For local elections, such as municipal elections or European Parliament elections (for EU citizens), expats can vote at designated polling stations. These are typically located in public buildings like schools, libraries, or community centers within your municipality. Before election day, you will receive a voting pass (stempas) that includes information on the nearest polling station to your registered address.
  • Changing Polling Stations: If you wish to vote at a different location within your municipality, you may need to request a special voting pass (kiezerspas) that allows you to vote at any polling station within your municipality or, for some elections, anywhere in the country.
When to Vote:
  • Election Dates: The Netherlands holds municipal elections once every four years, and European Parliament elections are also held every five years. The specific dates vary, but elections are typically announced well in advance, giving voters ample time to prepare.
  • Polling Hours: Polling stations in the Netherlands usually open from 07:30 AM to 09:00 PM on election day. It’s advisable to check the exact times for your local polling station, as there can be slight variations.

Voting in Home Country Elections While Living in the Netherlands

Where to Vote:
  • Embassies and Consulates: Many countries facilitate voting for their citizens residing abroad through their embassies and consulates in the Netherlands. This can include in-person voting or dropping off mail-in ballots.
  • Mail-In Voting: If your home country offers mail-in voting for expatriates, you will typically need to register as an overseas voter and receive your voting materials by mail, which you then fill out and return according to the provided instructions.
When to Vote:
  • Election Dates: These vary significantly by country and can include presidential, parliamentary, or local elections, among others. It’s crucial to regularly check the website or contact your home country’s embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information on upcoming elections and registration deadlines.
  • Advance Voting: Some countries allow for advance voting, meaning you may need to cast your vote weeks or even months before the actual election date in your home country. This is especially common for mail-in and embassy voting to ensure your vote is counted in time.